defence

英[dɪˈfens ] 美[dɪˈfens ]

丁香医学词典

 

防御,保卫

简明英汉

 

n. 防卫,防卫设备

n. [律](被告的)答辩、辩护

论文例句

 
  • 1.The researchers describe this defence mechanism as a trade-off, where the bodyfights one enemy but exposes itself to the other. This was demonstrated intheir study exploring the connection between malaria and non-typhoid salmonella(NTS)- an infection which is particularly dangerous for children.

    研究者们将这种防御机制描述为一种平衡,机体和一个敌人战斗,同时将自身暴露在另一个敌人的面前。这在他们的研究中进行了论述,发现了疟疾和非伤寒沙门氏菌(NTS),这种感染对于儿童尤其危险。

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  • 2.Scientists have been working on developing retina prostheses for more than twenty years now. Research has been conducted particularly intensively in Germany, where scientists and patients have worked in tandem and have succeeded in obtaining government funding. “Back then we didn't want high-tech just for space and defence programs but finally high-tech for people as well,” Professor Rolf Eckmiller, a neuro-informatics specialist at the University of Bonn and a pioneer in the field, recalls.

    科学家在开发视网膜假体上已花费了超过20年时间。该研究在德国开展的尤为积极,在科学家和患者共同努力下,并成功获得政府资助。Rolf Eckmiller是来自Bonn大学的一名神经信息学专家,也是该领域的先驱者,他回忆说:那时我们没有仅仅想要拥有太空和防卫项目的高新技术,而是也想拥有服务人类的高新技术。

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  • 3.Plectasin belongs to the class of defensins. These defence molecules are commonly found in fungi, animals, as well as plants.

    Plectasin属于防卫素家族。这些防卫素分子广泛存在于真菌、动物和植物中。

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  • 4.Thanks to the work of the three Laureates it is now possible to understand at molecular level how the cell controls a number of central processes by breaking down certain proteins and not others. Examples of processes governed by ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation are cell division, DNA repair, quality control of newly-produced proteins, and important parts of the immune defence. When the degradation does not work correctly, we fall ill. Cervical cancer and cystic fibrosis are two examples. Knowledge of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation offers an opportunity to develop drugs against these diseases and others.

    两位以色列科学家和一位美国科学家因“发现泛素(泛肽)介导的蛋白质降解”而获得本年度的化学奖。再次验证诺贝尔化学奖在一定意义上一大半可以归属为“生命科学奖”的观点。今年该主题的获奖在我们的意料之中,蛋白质的降解和折叠是生物大分子研究的基本问题之一,而降解方面的研究相对成熟。该研究成果的重要地位和深远意义是显而易见的,只是让我感觉有些来得过早,虽然给人一种新鲜感,但是应该注意到生物大分子的合成、功能分子的折叠、失活、降解过程的研究还是处于一个相对稚嫩的时期,某些成果只是阶段性的,可能还不具有普遍性,在对瑞典皇家科学院的评委们的远大目光和恢弘气度致敬的同时,也对这个决定的时间性和全面性有些担忧。相信功能生物大分子的代谢过程的研究不但不会因今年本主题的获奖而寿终正寝(有人说一旦某领域的主题获奖就意味着该学科的终结),相反会在今后相当长一段时间内促进该学科及相关的大分子检测、结构、功能(即结构分子生物学)方面的进一步发展,毕竟这一领域还有许多根本性的问题没有得到完满的解决。

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  • 5.When a normal virus such as the common cold infects people we develop an immune response and produce defence cells which can quickly get rid of the virus. But when HIV infects us it can last for our whole life. HIV does this by successfully hiding from our immune cells, which are seeking to identify and destroy the virus, fooling them into thinking that it is part of the normal trash in a cell rather than being clearly visible on the cell surface.

    正常病毒如普通感冒病毒,感染人后,刺激机体免疫反应,产生防御细胞从而快速清除病毒。但是,HIV感染人后将在宿主体内持续终身。HIV确实能够成功逃避免疫细胞的识别和攻击,使其错误的认为HIV是细胞正常垃圾的一部分,在细胞表面无法清晰辨认。

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