deliberately

英[dɪˈlɪbərətli ] 美[dɪˈlɪbərətli ]

丁香医学词典

 

有意地

简明英汉

 

adv. 故意地

论文例句

 
  • 1.Because it would be unethical to infect clinical trial subjects deliberately with a flu that can kill, it is not possible to say accurately how many people the vaccine can save from death or hospitalization, so "45 percent protection" is a bit of a misnomer, the spokesman, Len Lavenda, said.

    用一种可以致命的病毒去感染临床受试者是不道德的,因此不可能准确的说出到底有多少人会由于得到这个疫苗的保护而免于住院或者逃离死亡。因此,发言人Len Lavenda说,“45%”是有点用词不当的。

    来自 论坛

  • 2.Advisory committees, which are made up largely of practicing physicians, sometimes look more kindly on a drug than the F.D.A. staff, whose analysis is to some extent deliberately designed to point out flaws in the data.

    大部分由临床医师组成的咨询委员会,有时对药物的研究可能比FDA更全面,而FDA的工作人员的分析,在一定程度上是刻意指出数据的缺陷。

    来自 论坛

  • 3.He badgers, belittles and berates his patients. He deliberately deceives his colleagues and his boss, and often bends hospital rules (and the law) to suit his purposes. He self-medicates with booze and (illegally obtained) painkillers. And he makes for excellent TV.

    他从不对他的病人耐心,总是贬低或是斥责他们;他故意欺骗他的同事甚至是老板;他经常无视医院规章制度(甚至是法律)以满足自己的需求;他通过酗酒和(非法获得)的止痛剂治疗自己的疾病。对了,他就是HOUSE医生,饱受争议的医疗剧主角HOUSE医生。

    来自 论坛

  • 4.GDM is defined as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. Hillier noted the lack of consensus on screening and diagnostic criteria for GDM. In the U.S. two steps are used, a 1-h 50-g glucose challenge followed by a 75- or 100-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT); outside the U.S., a 2-h 75-g OGTT is recommended. The Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) study of providers blinded to GDM status reported correlations between fasting, 1-h, and 2-h glucose levels and adverse outcomes, including Caesarian section . The Australian Carbohydrate Intolerance Study in Pregnant Women (ACHOIS) was a randomized controlled trial of 1,000 women with normal fasting glucose not having GDM by World Health Organization criteria (2-h glucose 140–199 mg/dl) assigned to treatment with dietary advice, self-monitoring, and insulin as required or to routine care . There was gestational weight gain of 8.1 vs. 9.8 kg, and adverse fetal outcomes occurred in 7 of 506 infants in the intervention group versus 23 of 524 infants in the routine care group; incidences of large for gestational age (LGA) status and macrosomia were reduced, and those was no increased risk of small for gestational age (SGA) status. Similar findings were reported in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) maternal fetal study . (I have criticized what I consider lack of “clinical equipoise” in the design of this study, in which the women in the control group and their caregivers were deliberately not informed of the results of their OGTTs , despite our extensive knowledge of benefit of treatment of GDM summarized above and elsewhere .) Hillier also pointed out that macrosomia increases the risk of metabolic syndrome developing in the children at age 6–11 years .

    GDM被定义为在怀孕期出现或在此间才被认识到的不同程度的葡萄糖耐受不良。Hillier注意到不同国家GDM筛查和诊断标准并不相同。在美国,使用两步法,先是口服75或100g葡萄糖进行口服糖耐量试验(OGTT),1小时后再给50g葡萄糖冲击。对不考虑GDM情况的受试者进行的研究发现,在高血糖症和不利妊娠结局(HAPO)关系的研究中,空腹、1小时和2小时葡萄糖水平与不利结局有关,在Caesarian的研究中体现了这点。澳大利亚对怀孕女性进行的碳水化合物耐受性的研究(ACHOIS)中,随机选取了1,000名空腹血糖正常、未患GDM(以WHO餐后2小时血糖水平140–199 mg/dl为诊断标准)女性进行随机对照试验,试验中受试者被安排进行了饮食疗法、自我监测及定时和不定时的胰岛素注射。妊娠期体重增加为8.1 vs. 9.8 kg;干预组胎儿不良后果的发生率为7/506,常规治疗组的发生率为23/524;过期妊娠(LGA)和巨大儿发生率下降,而早产(SGA)风险也并未上升。在儿童健康与人类发展国立研究所对孕妇和胎儿的研究中也得出了相同结论。(我曾对这项试验设计中缺乏“临床平衡”的考虑而提出过批评,在这项研究中控制组包括她们的照顾者(?)的OGTT结果刻意未被提及,尽管关于GDM治疗好处的众多知识被广泛指。)Hillier也指出巨大儿在6-11岁时,代谢性综合征的发病风险增高。

    来自 论坛

  • 5.Now, a team of researchers has discovered a novel mechanism determining whether a maturing T cell is likely to emerge from the thymus as an effector cell or a regulatory cell. The research suggests that new treatments could be developed to deliberately affect the type of T cells produced, allowing scientists to tackle a number of diseases which are influenced by these different types of T cells.

    现在,一组研究人员已经发现了决定来自于胸腺的成熟T细胞究竟是效应细胞还是调解细胞的一个新机制。该研究提示新的有目的的影响所产生的T细胞类型治疗方法将会出现,使得科学家们能解决许多由这些T细胞类型的不同所影响的疾病。

    来自 论坛

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